Vulvar varicosities: What to know about vulvar varicose veins? | Curry One
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Vulvar varicosities: What to know about vulvar varicose veins?

A vulvar varicosity is just a vein that is varicose or around the vulva.  
This type of vein tends to occur in women during pregnancy, and many women with vulvar varicosities also have varicose veins elsewhere.

In this article, we look at the causes and symptoms of vulvar varicosities, as well as treatment options if they do not resolve with time.

What are vulvar varicosities?

Vulvar varicosities: What to know about vulvar varicose veins
Vulvar varicosities: What to know about vulvar varicose veins

Vulvar varicosities may result in pain in and around the genital area.

Like every other area of the body, the vulva is home to a wide range of small and blood that is large.

During maternity, increased blood circulation and stress on the genitals and low body may cause varicose veins.

Varicose veins are far more typical when you look at the feet and foot, many ladies additionally develop all of them when you look at the vulva.

The veins is small and just averagely distended or are big, twisted, and painful.

Not all ladies with vulvar varicosities notice all of them or have signs.

Even though signs do appear, a female may not be able to see the veins. Anyone who suspects they have vulvar varicosities should speak with a doctor about the symptoms to ensure a proper diagnosis.


In addition to visible twisted or swollen veins, another main symptom of vulvar varicosities is a pain in or around the genitals.

The Area might feel tender and sore, such as for instance a bruise. Several other observable symptoms include:

  • a experience of force or fullness within the genitals
  • swelling in or about the genitals
  • pain that gets far worse after standing, sexual intercourse, or physical exercise

The veins may also impact the perineum, the region involving the vagina and anal area. Some women with vulvar varicosities also develop hemorrhoids.


Pregnancy is the most common cause of vulvar varicosities.

A 2017 research estimates that 18–22 percent of most expecting mothers and 22–34 percent of females who possess varicose veins near their particular pelvis develop vulvar varicosities.

An expected 4 % of females have experienced varicosities that are vulvar.

They typically occur during pregnancy and usually go away on their own within 6 weeks after giving birth.

Vulvar varicosities are unusual in women who have not been pregnant. Although, sometimes, they occur in older women, particularly after standing for a period that is prolonged.

Ladies who have varicose veins elsewhere to their human body could also develop vulvar varicosities.

Every vein within a individuals human body features a device that prevents bloodstream from streaming backwards.

Veins when you look at the low body need certainly to work very difficult to hold blood back as much as the center.

During maternity, increased blood circulation to your genitals and stress on the low body causes it to be more challenging for bloodstream to move when you look at the direction that is proper. This may allow the blood to flow backward, creating veins that are varicose

Also, during maternity an individual’s veins may dilate as a result of hormone changes or force becoming added to a significant vein labeled as the substandard vena cava, causing varicose veins.

Varicose veins have a tendency to operate in families, therefore ladies with close loved ones having all of them may also.

Rare causes include pelvic tumors that limit veins from draining.


pregnant woman sleeping on left side
When pregnant, sleeping on the left side may improve symptoms of vulvar varicosity.

Treatment usually focuses on managing symptoms at home, since vulvar varicosities typically go away within 1 month of giving birth.

Ways to prevent the veins from getting worse include:

  • avoiding sitting or standing for long periods
  • changing positions frequently
  • avoiding wearing high heels or any shoes that are uncomfortable and put pressure on the lower body
  • sleeping with the hips slightly elevated to prevent blood from pooling in the area
  • drinking plenty of water

Techniques for reducing pain include:

  • applying ice or heat to the area
  • wearing supportive pregnancy underwear, such as compression and support stockings
  • sleeping on the left side in pregnancy to place less pressure on the vena cava
  • taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as Naproxen

Doctors do not recommend removing vulvar varicosities during pregnancy since they usually go away on their own. If the veins do not disappear a few months after giving birth, surgical procedures can be used.

The two most procedures that are common:

  • Vein embolization. This process runs on the catheter to shut damaged veins by having a coil.
  • Sclerotherapy. This process requires inserting an answer in to the vein that obstructs blood circulation, getting rid of the swelling and pain.

Both procedures can usually be carried out on an basis that is outpatient basic anesthetic, which means that anyone will likely to be asleep and can maybe not feel any discomfort.


Many females with vulvar varicosities do not have signs except that engorged veins. A health care provider may also be in a position to identify all of them with an easy aesthetic assessment.

Vulvar varicosities occasionally signal an circulatory problem that is underlying. A doctor may ask a person questions about their circulation, as well as if they have varicose veins elsewhere on the body.

Risks and complications

Poor circulation can cause blood to pool in the veins, leading to a dangerous blood clot called a deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Blood clots in the deepest veins can break loose and travel elsewhere in the body. DVT is a life-threatening complication.

DVT is extremely rare with vulvar varicosities. However, a doctor shall monitor the veins to make sure a blood coagulum doesn’t develop.

Signs and symptoms of a blood coagulum are the vein getting extremely painful, purple, distended, and difficult. Females should instantly report these signs up to a medical practitioner.

Some ladies with vulvar varicosities might be concerned about how a veins will impact childbearing. Nevertheless, these veins usually do not bleed extremely much and possess no backlinks to childbearing problems.

In some ladies, vulvar varicosities trigger a persistent discomfort condition known as congestion syndrome that is pelvic. Damage to multiple veins in the vulva and genitals can cause numerous varicose veins, which may cause swelling and blocked blood flow to the area.

Home management with ice, heat, and NSAIDs may help, but some women may need surgery to treat the veins.

Are vulvar varicosities permanent?

Vulvar Varicosities: What To Know About Varicose Veins On The Vulva
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Vulvar varicosities may become worse with each pregnancy.

Vulvar varicosities are not usually permanent. Symptoms typically disappear shortly after giving birth.

However, women who get them during one pregnancy may develop them with the pregnancy that is next. The veins could also become worse or higher painful with every maternity.

When the veins don’t go away completely by themselves, it’s important to talk with a health care provider about possible fundamental reasons, such bad blood flow.

Doctors can quickly get rid of the veins with outpatient surgery. However, women with a history of varicose veins may continue to develop them,


Vulvar varicosities can look frightening, and some women may be embarrassed to discuss them with their doctor|with their doctor so it is often better to give them time to disappear without treatment.


Vulvar Varicosities What To Know About Varicose Veins On The Vulva






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